The common and effective way of treating cavities in teeth is the removal of the part that is decayed and filling the area of the tooth where the materials there were decayed was located. This process is referred to as filling. Filling is also used in the repair of teeth that are broken or cracked. It is an effective method of repairing teeth by having a material that can suitably fit the space that is created. These materials are used to repair the teeth whether filling cavities or repairing broken teeth. Fillings are thus an important aspect of teeth correction.
When you visit a dentist to have your teeth or tooth filled, the first stage as usually will involve the assessment of the affected area. This involves a professional observation of the state of the teeth and determination of the level of damage and the required corrective measure. The area is then numbed using a local anesthetic to protect you from the pain that would come from the procedure. The next step involves the removal of the decayed part of the teeth. A drill or lase, or an abrasive instrument will be used for this process. The choice of instrument to be used depends on various issues that are particularly aligned to the dentist and the level of decay that has occurred on the teeth.
After the drilling, a test will be done on the area by the dentist to determine if all the decay has been removed. Until the test is positive that all the decay has been removed, the dentist will proceed to the next step. It is important that all the decay is removed so that the decay does not get concealed by the filings. The site will then be prepared for filling. The preparation will involve the cleaning of the cavity for all bacteria and any debris that might have remained on the site. In case the decay has reached an extent that it is near the root of the teeth, liner will be applied to protect the nerves at that point before the application of the filling. The filling will then be applied to cover the area, a special light applied to harden the filling and the filling will then be polished for a good finish.
There are various types of fillings that are categorized by the type of material that they are made of. There is the gold filling which are made of gold. They are durable, strong, and they have a better look. However, you will have to pay more for the gold and take additional visits to the dentist if they are used.
Silver fillings or amalgams are the second type of fillings. They are also durable and strong but not comparable to gold. For this, you will pay less than you will have paid for gold. However, they do not look good and some parts of your tooth will have to be removed during their installation. They also discolor making them less attractive compared to gold. You should discuss allergies with your dentist if you opt for silver.
Then there are the tooth colored composites made of resin composites. Their primary advantage is that they look like teeth and thus not easily noticeable. They also establish a strong bond with the tooth structure and they are versatile such that they can be used to repair broken teeth. However, they do not last as long as gold and silver. In addition, you will spend at least 20 minutes longer on the dentist seats to have them in place. They chip easily making them less durable than the other options.
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